Political Law

Constitution is defined as a body of rules and Maxims in accordance with which the powers of sovereignty are habitually exercised.

Nature: The relation of the Government and its people.

Concept:

1. Fundamental Law of the Land

2. Body of Rules and Maxims

3. System of Fundamental Laws

Concept of State: Community of persons more or less numerous occupying a portion of territory free from external control and possessing an organized government to which a great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience.

State Immunity: Protects a state and its property from the jurisdictions of the court of another state.

Separation of Powers: Refers to the division of a state’s government into branches, each with separate, independent powers and responsibilities. So that powers of one branch are not in conflict with those of other branches.

Check and Balances: Various procedures set in place to reduce mistakes, prevent improper behavior or decrease risk of centralization of power.

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