Top 4 MANAGEMENT THEORIES with explanation and to manage them as Managers

1. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs:
Among the theories that I liked best is the theory of the Hierarchal Needs by Maslow, I have few ideas how it works from my Psychology class during college and it focused more on the inner desire of an individual. I liked it most because it is one of the reasons why the majority of individuals tend to work and strive for something other than monetary value. One thing I liked about it is the desire of individuals to achieve a certain need. Some of them worked just to provide the physiological needs of their family members even though they cannot provide other needs they want for themselves.

While they strive to attain these needs, they cannot proceed to personal security [i.e. financial security, emotional security and so on…], thus once an individual attains the level of security, he/she could have a personal prestige and feeling of accomplishment. So how come an individual could attain an intimate relationship, where in fact, he/she cannot even provide the basic needs for himself. If I would like to implement this in my workplace; I would definitely give them their needs that they deserve particularly rest -which is the primary need in our organization- and once they are well-rested, they could provide effective work output while other basic needs are attainable in their own accord. But as long as it doesn’t hinder the objective of our unit; I shall provide them the utmost needs they deserve once they ask for it.

2. Taylor’s Scientific Management:
There are a lot of criticisms circulating this theory but I tend to like this one for several reasons among which is the theory itself circulates in the scientific selection and training of employees which creates standard output and timely training that hone their technical and professional skills that are needed by the organization. A harmonious relationship between the manager and employees creates a special bond but needs a gap. That a manager needs to stay as a manager and vice versa especially in workplaces for them not to hamper the production of services or output of the organization. Creating a harmonious environment also allows smaller individuals to approach the top managers for the suggestions and thoughts that would improve the organization as a whole.

Since we are living in a world of technology, primitive methods of production are way behind an organization that makes use of technology as their means of doing business.
For example: Company A uses typewriters to type documents while company B uses computer, the production of company A will produce less output than that of company B. that’s why I am lenient to side with this type of theory.

We cannot deny the fact that workers work or a majority of us work because of money to sustain our daily needs and the needs of the people who rely on us regardless if the workplace is good or bad. High paying salary tends to satisfy the mundane things which we desire to attain like gadgets, cosmetics and other things we fancy.

In our organization, we scrutinize the entry of our applicants by means of screenings and a series of examinations that are needed by the organization. Scientifically, we need technical professionals that are needed in our organization thus added by Aptitude Tests and Deliberations.

So basically, the scientific methodology had been tested by our predecessors and they applied it, and we have a saying “If it isn’t broke don’t fix it”, therefore scientific theories that are continuously used by organizations are more likely efficient.

3. Theory Z – William Ouchi:
Though I have no Japanese bloodline or lineage, I tend to like the idea of Theory Z. First, is the idea of consensual decision making which emphasizes communication which means even the lower employee could provide his ideas and suggest them to the higher echelon of the organization in which he represents.

What is more secured than an organization that promotes job security for long term employment? This theory tends to give assurance and safety to personnel regarding their job. Some organization provides only contractual employment that leaves their workers hanging after the job or they can’t even sleep soundly at night knowing that one day they will be replaced by someone better than them. In this theory; those scenarios are outside the context of Theory Z. In addition, providing the utmost concern regarding their welfare shall be observed in this theory. Therefore, common problems like family issues, health concerns and other personal matters are addressed in this theory which plays a vital role in the effectiveness of an individual.

It may observe the slow evaluation and promotion but at least I am secured that I am still working at this Theory Z organization. And finally, recognition of an organization towards their employees, If I could apply these theory in my workplace; there will be small adjustments because, in our type of organization, individuals who exert effort are given utmost recognition in every field they excel.

The organization also promotes long term employment and incentives because even after retirement we still receive benefits from the government which we serve. Even though we are not that lenient in giving holistic concern it only relies on the humanitarian concern of the Commanding Officer which they are under.

4. Max Weber’s Bureaucratic Theory:
Finally Bureaucratic Theory is included in the list of theories I consider. Why? Because it somehow resembles a huge part in our organization as a whole and to name some, this theory has a well-defined line of authority and has clear rules and regulations set forth to its stakeholders and personnel that should be strictly imposed. Also it brings everyone to a common goal like an objective to achieve or the vision of an organization.

In addition to this theory, we chose the right person for the right job to make them a quality output. The work that should be efficiently and effectively produced through series of continuous training for career development, personal enhancement and skill improvement not just with the lower tier in the organization but with the higher tier as well because the output of the lower personnel reflects the management of the higher echelon.

Just like in other theories; Max Weber’s Theory have a series of selection that would define the future of the organization with high competency level and technical qualification. Not only that, upon acceptance to the organization there several rules and regulations that an employee should abide. There is no difference between Max Weber’s and the military in my own opinion since the majority of the description of his theory coincides with ours. If I am to apply his theory; I will focus more on the formal selection that only personnel with a high standard of qualification should be catered and implement a policy that there shall be no “Padrino/Nepotism” upon application or else they shall face a tragic consequence.

I would also be imposing the right person for the right job. I believe that working for something you gave effort and knowledge during your civilian life will be a walk in a park because they will be placed in their field of work, as such quality services and output will be produced.


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